Of Etruscan-Roman origins, Monteleone d’Orvieto developed around the castle built by the powerful families of Orvieto to defend the northern borders. Under the Orvieto domination Monteleone prospered, supplying Orvieto with bricks used for the construction of the cathedral and other materials like the pieces of mosaic for the façade by the master glassmaker from Monteleone Council Dardalini.
The production of bricks historically very active in the ancient kilns, has characterized the appearance of the town (and of other nearby villages) giving a distinct reddish color to its buildings.
Inside the town, the original castle remains are the entrance to the base of the “Torre Mozza” and its defense walls in the panoramic Piazza del Torrione. Among the buildings of worship are Santissimo Crocifisso church, Sant’Antonio church and the parish church Collegiate of Saints Peter and Paul, with the altarpiece work of the school of Pietro Vannucci known as Perugino (a well-known master of Umbrian Renaissance painting). The table represents the Madonna and Child, with the Apostles Peter and Paul on either side.
More recently the Civic Tower was built at the end of the 1800’s based on a design by the local architect Filidio Lemmi and the Municipal Theater of Rustici. The latter is an architectural jewel built in 1732 in what was originally the granary of the Palazzo del Podestà, the medieval well and other buildings in the main square of the town. The theater is one of the smallest in the world.
The Centro di Documentazione “Attilio Parelli” born with the intention of paying homage to the native composer and conductor of Monteleone d’Orvieto (1874- 1944). The display cases contain over 100 original manuscripts of the most famous compositions and of various genres: compositions for orchestra, melodrama, ballet, sacred vocal music, lyric for singing and piano, chamber music. Manuscripts of the radio jingles for Radio Rai programs have also been found.
The territory of Monteleone is one of the few regional and national where saffron is still produced. Another native product is the Pera di Monteleone (or Pera Papera) a rather rare variety of this fruit.