Municipality of Parrano
Telephone: (+39) 0763 838751
Address: Via XX Settembre, 7
05010 – Parrano (TR)
The name probably derives from the association of two ancient words (Para and Amnis, the first in Greek means near, the second in Latin means torrent). The village of Parrano developed from the year 1000, when under the dominion of Orvieto the castle was built on pre-existing Roman ruins in a strategic point to control the valley below.
After being under the domination of Orvieto, in 1500 Parrano became a free municipality. In the 1500’s it was ruled by various local lords before joining the Papal States and later the Kingdom of Italy (1860). Ancient and well preserved the village is perched around its castle surrounded by mighty walls, of which the high watchtower can be seen today. It retains a very picturesque appearance; but much of the charm of Parrano is due to the antiquity of its territory.
A territory that has been inhabited since the Upper Paleolithic era (30,000-10,000 years ago), witnessed in the numerous finds found in the nearby “Tane del Diavolo” a complex of caves whose entrances open up on steep walls of the limestone massif on the banks of the Fosso del Bagno, immediately below the town. At the beginning of the gorge there is a spring whose waters (flowing at a temperature of about 28° C) form a small thermal pond where you can bathe.
Inside one of the caves is one of the most important finds the “Green Venus”, a small votive statuette of steatite, one of the oldest sculptural representations found in the Orvieto area and in central Italy. At the foot of the village there is the Thermal Park “Bagno del Diavolo” surrounded by greenery. It is the ideal place to take a relaxing break for your well-being.
Two interesting facts about the village of Parrano: the first is that due to historical events the village was given the title of “Principality”, the other being that Parrano boasted an illustrious inhabitant, Sante De Sanctis, a character remembered throughout Italy as one of the founders of Italian child psychology and neuropsychiatry.